Thursday, December 12, 2013

Research Blog #10: Final Abstract, Bibliography, and Link to Your Paper

Final Abstract 
This research paper addresses why the federal DREAM Act should be enacted by the United States government, as well as why state DREAM Acts have many issues. The federal DREAM Act benefits immigrants who lived in the United States as minors, and who are of good moral character. It opens many doors for immigrant students that state DREAM Acts do not. For instance, with the federal DREAM Act immigrants gain conditional permanent residency, a social security number, working papers, a license, and federal benefits such being eligible for a college or university’s federal aid. The state versus federal act is a matter of allowing immigrants the chance to become citizens, give back to their communities, participate in the government, and gain a higher education.

Abcarian, Robin . "Sergio Garcia will practice law, and he will make a killing." Los Angeles Times 06 09 2013 , n. pag. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <>.

Aguirre Jr, Adalberto, and Jennifer K Simmers. "The DREAM Act and Neoliberal Practice: Retrofitting Hispanic Immigrant Youth in U.S. Society."Social Justice . 38.3 (2011 ): 3-16. Print.

Conde-Hernandez, Marisol . Internet Chat Interview. 20 11 2013 .

Delahunty , Robert J., and John C. Yoo . "Dream On: The Obama Administration's Nonenforcement of Immigration Laws, the DREAM Act, and the Take Care Clause." Texas Law Review. 9.4 (2013 ): 781-858. Print.

Gonzalez , Lorena . "Gov. Brown Signs Into Law Assembly Bills 1024 and 1159 by Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez." California State Assembly Democratic Caucus 05 10 2013 , n. pag. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <>.

Green, Emily . "Sergio Garcia will practice law, and he will make a killing." NPR 08 10 2013 , n. pag. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <>.

Hastings , Deborah . "Undocumented immigrants may practice law under new California legislation spurred by Sergio Garcia's long, tortured quest Read more:

Mahony , Cardinal Roger M . "The DREAM Act: We All Benefit ." Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy. 2.2 (2012 ): 459-472 . Web. 14 Oct. 2013.

Motomura, Hiroshi . "Making Legal: The Dream Act, Birthright Citizenship, and Broad-scale Legalization." Lewis and Clark Law Review. 1.4 (2012) :1127-1149.Print

Seif, Hinda . "Unapologetic and unafraid: Immigrant youth come out from the shadows." New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development. 2011.134 (2011 ): 59-75. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.

Semple , . "Christie Is Said to Waffle on In-State Tuition for People Living in U.S. Illegally." The New York Times . The New York Times , 27 11 2013 . Web. 10 Dec 2013. <>.

Walshe, Shushannah. "Gov. Chris Christie Denies Flip Flop on New Jersey DREAM Act." ABC NEWS . ABC , 02 12 2013 . Web. 10 Dec 2013. <>.

Whaley , William. "The California Dream Act: A Dream (not DREAM) Come True." McGeorge Law Review. 43.3 (2012): 625-643. Print.

"Gay Marriage ." . ProCon.Org , 20 11 2013 . Web. 10 Dec 2013. <>.

“RUSA and NJ DREAM Act Coalition.” Vimeo. Vimeo. Web.10 December 2013.

"Survey | What it Means to be American: Attitudes towards Increasing Diversity in America Ten Years after 9/11." Public Religion Research Institute. Public Religion Research Institute, 06 09 2011. Web. 9 Dec 2013. <>.

Link to My Paper 

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Research Blog Post #8 Interview

I interviewed Marisol Conde-Hernandez, a DREAM Act activist and undocumented immigrant. She has been offered many opportunities to attend programs such as one in Princeton in high school and received a scholarship to go to a private high school given to her by Oprah Winfrey. The only problem was that she did not have the proper documents to accept these amazing opportunities. Now she is an advocate of the DREAM Act and is pushing to see it passed.

From talking to her, I learned the importance of the DREAM Act being passed on a federal level versus state DREAM-like acts. These state acts do not provide a path for citizenship but rather a chance to get in-state tuition if one has graduated from a high school in that state, and should rather be called "tuition equality". She explained that resistance to the act comes from both parties, Democrat and Republican, and that many people have a lack of knowledge of undocumented immigrants. Some arguments she has heard against the DREAM Act were that "It would be a waste of taxpayer's money. It shouldn't go to people who aren't paying taxes" (Conde-Hernandez). People believe their money is being wasted in a sense, when in fact, "undocumented immigrants pay $24.2 billion dollars in taxes"(Conde-Hernandez). Immigrants are feeding money into our system yet are not seeing the benefits of that and will not be able to receive benefits such as Social Security or federal aid. Conde-Hernandez also explained that "about tenth of undocumented immigrants make up the workforce in NJ". She also explained that it may be hard for immigrants to report employer violations in fear of getting deported, so working in unsecured, low-paying jobs is seems like the only choice. She also compared immigrants to endured servants, who are helping pay taxes but never getting the chance to see any benefits. Additionally, Conde-Hernandez stated, "unauthorized immigration is in many other countries" and that people are coming to the U.S because conditions in their country are not so great. For instance, workers get paid pennies a day in some countries and have terrible working conditions such as in China.

Monday, November 18, 2013

Lit Review #5

1. Visual

Adalberto Aguirre, Jr.

I could not find a visual of Jennifer K. Simmers.

2. Aguirre Jr, Adalberto, and Jennifer K Simmers. "The DREAM Act and Neoliberal Practice: Retrofitting Hispanic Immigrant Youth in U.S. Society."Social Justice . 38.3 (2011 ): 3-16. Print.

3. The summary of the article describes the idea of neoliberal in our society and how it is being integrated into the American public education system. The authors speak of students and school being turned into a commodity in which education is the commodity and school is the marketplace. It also describes how the DREAM Act supports neoliberal ideology in a good way.

4. The author Adalberto Aguirre Jr. is a Sociology professor at University of California. He focuses on social inequality and the sociology of education. I could not find any information on Jennifer K. Simmers.

5. The ideas presented in this article were:

  • Neoliberalism- This concept provides a lens to look at society through. It explains capitalist gains in society especially in places such as education. Education is becoming standardized and privatization. People are meant to feel as though they are getting a choice of education, however everything is being "standardized" to promote efficiency and accountability. 
  • Neoliberalism in the DREAM Act- The DREAM Act will promote efficiency in American society by increasing taxation revenues because immigrants will become citizens. The article also stated that by enacting the DREAM Act the government will benefit financially and also military service will increase. 

6. "the passage of the DREAM Act has the potential of lowering the government deficit by $1.4 billion and increasing government revenue by $2.2 billion dollars" (Aguirre and Simmers 10)

"The Defense Department estimates that passage of the DREAM Act will make some 825,000 students between eighteen and twenty-four years of age eligible for military enlistment" (Aguirre and Simmers 10).

"Between 2010 and 2050, Hispanics are projected to add more people to the U.S population every year than all other racial and ethnic groups combined" (Aguirre and Simmers 11)

"Hispanic population's increasing numbers makes it a leading candidate for producing workers that can maintain the economic health of the U.S population" (Aguirre and Simmers 11)

7. The value of this article was seeing how the government will benefit financially which might add to my argument that the government should make the DREAM Act legal. Also, the concept of neoliberalism was a new idea to me and made me see education through a nontraditional lens. I think this could be helpful when talking about the Plyler vs. Doe decision.

Research Blog #9 : My Argument and Counter- Argument

My argument is that legally the DREAM Act should be enacted on a federal level because without it noncitizen students will not be fully integrated into the society. I compare it to Willy Wonka and The Chocolate Factory in the sense that some privileged children get the opportunity to enter the Chocolate Factory, which is filled with wonderment. However, tons of chocolate bars circulate, such as Plyler vs. Doe says that immigrant youth can receive a K through 12 education. The chocolate bar seems useless without the Golden Ticket such as the education seems useless if immigrant youth cannot obtain a higher education which is a necessity in today's job market. To prove my argument, I start by describing the DREAM Act and what it entails. One of the main components is that it grants conditional permanent residency which means immigrants can then obtain working papers, a license, social security, and most of all federal grants/ benefits for college. Then I go on to explain the defects in state level DREAM Acts such as the ones in California and Illinois. These seem great at first glance, however they cannot grant conditional permanent residency which is the key player in integrating immigrants into American society.

The counterargument to my claim is seen by Hiroshi Motomura. In his article, Making Legal:The DREAM Act, Birthright Citizenship, and Broad-Scale Legalization" he discusses the arguments against the DREAM Act. One of the many arguments includes children being "anchor babies" in which they "sponsor their unauthorized parents for admission" (Motomura 1137). This is in fact a false claim since "children who are citizens must be 21 years of age before they file an immigrant petition for a parent"(Motomura 1137). Another claim is "that any access to lawful status for unauthorized migrants or their children will inevitably encourage more outside the law"(Motomura 1142). Motomura then says that "adopting any legalization program will make another legalization seem more likely than if Congress enacted no such program at all" (Motomura 1142).

Monday, November 4, 2013

Research Blog #7: My Case

The case I would like to present in my Research Paper is why the government is legally not allowing the passage of the DREAM Act. In my paper, I will be giving examples of DREAM-like laws that have been passed within our country but show the downsides to each of them. For instance, the California DREAM Act highlights the education part of the DREAM Act but cannot fulfill the immigrant to citizen process. This speaks to my debate because I want to show that despite similar laws passed within our country that without the DREAM Act passed at a federal level non-citizens will be paralyzed and cause our country to suffer. They will not be able to add to our economy and the money spent on immigrants during their education in K-12 will be going to waste. On the flip side, native born citizens who receive a public education and go to college can later get a good job and pay taxes that will aid the public school system. In my research, I have found out that immigrants make up a large portion of the U.S and without them gaining citizenship, our country will suffer greatly economically. The DREAM Act needs to be passed in order for immigrants to get a grip of the Golden Ticket. They can have all the education they want, but financially they will suffer in the long run.

I just looked up The DREAM Act in Google Search and this came up. It is interesting to see that the U.S deported these activists, some whom may never get to receive the benefits the DREAM Act have to offer but are still fighting for it.

This website offers some answers to interesting questions as to what DREAMers will gain once the DREAM Act is enacted. For instance, conditional residency will grant them work, drive, access to federal work study programs, and Pell grants. This is essential for non-citizens who may have otherwise not have been able to afford college.

Research Blog #6 Visual

The first visual I have is a "golden ticket" which I allude to in my Research Paper. It was featured in the film, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory, where only privileged children received the ticket in a special candy bar. Millions of children brought candy bars, but it didn't guarantee them getting the ticket. The ticket itself represents the privilege of going into Wonka's Chocolate Factory, where dreams come true. This idea is the same as those who would benefit from the DREAM Act. They are within the U.S, but it does not guarantee that they will receive the same benefits as their native born peers. They are given a education, K-12, which is mandated by law. However, higher education and citizenship is not a requirement.  Nowadays, those two components are "ticket" to gaining access to the American Dream.

Tuesday, October 29, 2013

Lit Review #4

1.I could not find a visual on the author William Whaley. When I look up his name all that comes up are other people with that name and a conspiracy theory about the JFK assassination.

2.Whaley , William. "The California Dream Act: A Dream (not DREAM) Come True." McGeorge Law Review. 43.3 (2012): 625-643. Print.

3. The summary of the article is that it discusses California's enactment of its own version of the DREAM Act. This version offers illegal students to obtain in-state tuition and some benefits such as scholarships to help them further their education. However, this did not come easily since California, like much of the United States, has been enacting laws against illegal immigrants such California Labor Code in 1971 and California Education Code in 1994.

4. I could not find any further information on the author. I looked just his name up and I also looked up William Whaley professor, but still found nothing.

5. Some key terms and concepts in the article are:

  • Chapter 604- allows students who qualify for in-state tuition under section 68130.5 "to apply for and participate in all student aid programs administered by California's public colleges and universities" 
  • California has had a history of enacting laws against immigrants ( California Labor Code in 1971 and California Education Code in 1994)
  • Nature of benefits- CDA would put illegal immigrants on equal footing with California's residents when it comes to state administered aid 
  • Through the CDA, immigrants would be eligible for "aid administered by CA's public colleges and universities", "state administered aid", and "scholarships derived from non state funds"

6. "unlawful citizens cannot receive financial aid; they must find other ways to finance the rising cost of in-state tuition" (Whaley 626).

“ approximately 633,000 college-aged unlawful students live in California, only 40,000 received in-state tuition under section 68130.5 in 2011”(632-633).

"studies show that college graduates pay nine thousand dollars more per year in taxes" (637) 

"this enables California to realize returns on its multi-billion dollar investment into unlawful aliens' K-12 education" (638). 

7. This article is valuable because it shows the effects of a version of the DREAM Act, but on a small scale. It looks at the positives by showing that students can obtain a higher education but also shows that it is not enough to make a huge impact. It discusses that these students still have an illegal status and the only way to remove that is to pass the DREAM Act nationwide. Without this becoming a federal law, illegal immigrants will not be able to get financial aid or work legally.